Thünen developed the basics of the theory of marginal productivity in a mathematically rigorous way, summarizing it in the formula in which
- R = Rent per unit of land.
- Y = Yield per unit of land.
- p = market price per unit of yield.
- c = Average production costs per unit of yield.
- m = Distance from market (in kilometers or miles).
- f = Freight rate per unit of yield and unit of distance (Source here ; geography of trasporting systems) by Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography
- The city is located centrally within an "Isolated State."
- The Isolated State is surrounded by wilderness.
- The land is completely flat and has no rivers or mountains.
- Soil quality and climate are consistent.
- Farmers in the Isolated State transport their own goods to market via oxcart, across land, directly to the central city. There are no roads.
- Farmers behave rationally to maximize profits. (Wikipedia)
Source: http://faculty.wwu.edu/patrick/envs342-geo312/Lectures--Powerpoints/312-ch5-agri-2005/Chapter%205/von-model1.gif (30.3.2016). Text from here.
J.H. von Thünen
The Von Thünen Model. A Model of Agricultural Land Use. (30.3.2016).
A Modern version of von Thünen model is greated by William Alonso. In 1960 William Alonso completed his dissertation which extended the vonThünen model to urban land uses.
Source: http://image.slidesharecdn.com/5urbanmodels-090312094928-phpapp01/95/5-urban-models-3-728.jpg?cb=1236851412 (30.3.2016)
Source: http://faculty.wwu.edu/patrick/envs342-geo312/Lectures--Powerpoints/312-ch5-agri-2005/Chapter%205/urban%20rent%20curve.gif (30.3.2016).
Source: http://images.slideplayer.com/13/3907423/slides/slide_58.jpg. (30.3.2016)
Robert G. Cromley (1982) The Von Thünen Model and Environmental Uncertainty
Annals of the Association of American Geographers 72 (3) , 404–410
von Thünen Model
American Journal of Economics and Sociology, The, Jan, 2001 by Daniel Block, E. Melanie Dupuis
Making the Country Work for the City: Von Thunen's Ideas in Geography, Agricultural Economics and the Sociology of Agriculture
Rosenberg Matt A Model of Agricultural Land Use
Von Thünen Model Exercise
http://www.csiss.org/classics/content/9 (copy +paste)
Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue Really a great paper!
Philip Steadman von Thünen Model
Von Thunen Revisited: A Neoclassical Land Use Model
Martin J. Beckmann The Swedish Journal of Economics, Vol. 74, No. 1, Economics of Location: Theory and Policy Aspects (Mar., 1972), pp. 1-7
OPPIHISTORIALLINEN KATSAUS KAUPUNKITALOUSTIETEESEEN1 VTT Seppo Laakso, Kaupunkitutkimus TA Oy, VTT Heikki A. Loikkanen, Kaupunkitaloustieteen professori HY, VTM Henrik Lönnqvist, Helsingin kaupungin tietokeskusvon Thünen
Cromley R G, Hanink D M, 1989, "A financial-economic von Thünen model" Environment and Planning A 21(7) 951 – 960
R G Cromley, D M Hanink A financial-economic von Thünen model
Abstract. The von Thünen model of agricultural land use is reformulated in this paper as an investment decision in which the objectives of farmers range from total risk-aversion to profit-maximization. By means of a variant of the mean-variance model of contemporary portfolio theory, it is demonstrated that individual bid-rent functions depend on the nature of a farmer's utility function. Because farmers' objectives affect their bid-rent functions, the spatial pattern of agricultural production is also affected. The conventional result of the von Thuënen model is shown to be a special case of the more general portfolio model.
Full-text PDF size: 1136 Kb
Beckmann Martin J. Application of a neoclassical von THÜnen model to the housing market
Published Online: 29 Nov 2007
Editor(s): Richard J. Arnott, Daniel P. McMillen
Print ISBN: 9781405106290 Online ISBN: 9780470996225
Copyright © 2006 by Blackwell Publishing LtdAre agricultural land-use models able to predict changes in land-use intensity? E. F. Lambin, , M. D. A. Rounsevell and H. J. Geist Department of Geography, University of Louvain, Place Louis Pasteur 3, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
Kenneth M. Chomitz and David A. Gray Roads, Land Use, and Deforestation: A Spatial Model Applied to
von Thünen (links)
See also this
Alonso,W. (1964), Location and Land Use. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.
Buurman, J.J.G. (2003), Rural Land Markets, A spatial explanatory model, Ph.D Thesis, Vrije
Mannila, Margit. (2015). Von Thünen Model for Use of Land II. (30.3.2016).
Thünen, von J.H. (1826), Der Isolierte Staat in Beziehung auf Landschaft und Nationalökonomie.
Trans. By C.M. Wartenberg (1966) Von Thünen’s Isolated State. Oxford: Pergamon Press.
Vreeker, R., H.L.F. de Groot & E.T. Verhoef (2004), Urban Multifunctional Land Use: Theoretical and